Seals database

Chester Beatty Library

Primary Sources
Abu’l-Fazl ‘Allami, A‘in-i Akbari, Bibliotheca Indica, Work 61, Vol. I, Issue 1492 New Series, second edition, translated by H. Blochmann, revised by D. C. Phillott, Calcutta, The Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1939 (see A‘in 20, “The Royal Seals”, pp. 54-55).

Rahmati ibn ‘Ataullah, Kanz al-ektasab (a Persian treatise in verse on seals and seal-engraving written in Delhi, 17th century; referred to in Annabel Teh Gallop and Venetia Porter, “Lasting Impressions, Seals from the Islamic World”).

Secondary Sources
Ahmad, Qeyamuddin, “Some Seals and Signets of the Later Mughal Period”, Journal of the Numismatic Society of India, vol. 23, 1961, pp. 367-74.

Arberry, A.J. The Chester Beatty Library, A Handlist of the Arabic Manuscripts, Dublin, 1955-64. Volume 1, Ar 3000-3250. Volume 2, Ar 3251-3500. Volume 3, Ar 3501-3750. Volume 4, Ar 3751-4000. Volume 5, Ar 4001-4500. Volume 6, Ar 4501-5000. Volume 7, Ar 5001-5500. Volume 8, Indices.  

Collon, Dominique, ed., 7000 Years of Seals, London, British Museum, 1997 (see Venetia Porter, “Islamic Seals Part I”, and J. M. Rogers, “Islamic Seals Part II”, pp. 176-204).

Content, Derek J., Islamic Rings and Gems: The Benjamin Zucker Collection, London, Philip Wilson, 1987.

Déroche, François, Islamic Codicology: An Introduction to the Study of Manuscripts in Arabic Script, London, Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation, 2005 (see “Marks of Ownership”, pp. 335-44).

Desai, Z. A., “Some Rare Seal-Bearing Persian Manuscripts in the Hazrat P. M. Dargah Library, Ahmadabad”, Indo-iranica, 46, 1-1v, 1993, pp. 51-72.

Gacek, Adam, “Ownership Statements and Seals in Arabic Manuscripts”, Manuscripts of the Middle East, 2, 1987, pp. 88-95.

Gacek, Adam, The Arabic Manuscript Tradition: A Glossary of Technical Terms and Bibliography, Leiden, Brill, 2001.

Gacek, Adam, The Arabic Manuscript Tradition: A Glossary of Technical Terms and Bibliography—Supplement, Leiden, Brill, 2008.

Gacek, Adam, Arabic Manuscripts: A Vademecum for Readers, Leiden, Brill, 2009.

Gallop, Annabel Teh, “Malay Seal Inscriptions: A Study in Islamic Epigraphy from Southeast Asia” (3 vols.), PhD Thesis, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 2002.Gallop, Annabel Teh, ‘Exceptions to the Rule: Malay Seals in Manuscript Books’,  Archipel 74 (2007) pp. 139-164
Gallop, Annabel Teh, ‘One seal good, two seals better, three seals best? Multiple impressions of Malay seals’, Indonesia and the Malay World, 34 No. 100 (November 2006), pp. 407-426 (available at:
Gallop, Annabel Teh and Venetia Porter, “Lasting Impressions, Seals from the Islamic World” (exhibition leaflet, see islamicseals_brochure.pdf).

Gallop, Annabel Teh and Venetia Porter, Lasting Impressions: Seals from the Islamic World, Kuala Lumpur, IAMM Publications, 2012.

James, David L., “Koranverse en miniature: orientalishe Talismane und Siegel aus geschnitten Steinen”, Kunst & Antiquitaten; 2, 1981.

Kut, Dr. Günay and Nimet Bayraktar, Yazma Eserlerde Vakif Mühürleri, Kültür ve Turizm Bakanliğı Yayınları: 586, Kültür Eserleri Dizisi: 39, 1984.

Lowry, Glenn D. and Milo Cleveland Beach, An Annotated and Illustrated Checklist of the Vever Collection, Washington D. C., Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, 1988 (see Appendix 6, pp. 395-97).

Polosin, Val. V. and Efim A. Rezvan, “Asiatic Museum Project: 1. Database on Muslim Seals”, Manuscripta Orientalia, vol. 1, no. 1, July 1995.

Porter, Venetia, Arabic and Persian Seals and Amulets in the British Museum, London, British Museum Press, 2011.

Seyller, John, The Inspection and Valuation of Manuscripts in the Imperial Mughal Library, Artibus Asiae, Vol. 57, No. 3/4, 1997 (pp. 243-349).

Siddiqi, W. H., Rampur Raza Library: Monograph, Rampur Raza Library, 1998 (see pp. 7-15 and 36-37).

Wenzel, Marian, Ornament and Amulet, Rings of the Islamic World. The Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art, Vol. 16. London and Oxford: The Nour Foundation, Azimuth Editions, and Oxford University Press, 1993.